Network Against FGM in Somaliland (NAFIS)

Annual Report 2017

2017 was a period of transition and progress on many fronts for Ending FGM/C campaigns in Somaliland; As the government underwent a presidential election as well there were severe droughts which hindered to carryout awareness campaigns. however, Religious leaders of Somaliland to devise a consensus on a law banning this practice. Although not the desired outcome a FATWA was issued banning the practice of type one FGM/C. 17,604 (seventeen thousand six hundred and four women) families benefited from self-help group approach (Danwadaag) in Marodijeh, Togdher and Sahil regions, in addition 12470 small business were established and successfully functioning.

Annual Report 2016

As 2016 closes, there have been a lot of Anti-FGM/C interventions at NAFIS network which contributed immensely to abandon and outlaw this practice in Somaliland. FGM/C irreparably damages girls’ bodies, inflicting excruciating pain. It causes extreme emotional trauma that can last a lifetime. It increases the risk of deadly complications during pregnancy, labor and childbirth, endangering both mother and child. It robs girls of their autonomy and violates their human rights. It reflects the low status of girls and women and reinforces gender inequality, fueling intergenerational cycles of discrimination and harm.

Annual Report 2015

It is time that adults who believe in protecting the rights of small girls take
action to prevent the cutting and maiming of the healthy genitals of small
girls in the name of culture, religion or other pretext. Saving voiceless female  children from the injuries and ills of FGM/C is a huge moral responsibility  that we collectively and individually need to take. As many of us are aware of,  Female Genital Mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is widely practiced in many countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Annual Report 2014

NAFIS witnessed tremendous achievements in its campaign against Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Somaliland. In order to enhance complementarity of activities, NAFIS has organized a series of coordination meetings for organizations engaged in the fight against FGM/C at regional and national levels. This has greatly enhanced networking and collaboration among role players leading to a synergy of
meaningful interventions that yielded positive results. The network has also created good working relations with main line ministries like the Ministry of Labor & Social Affairs, Ministry of Endowment & Religious Affairs and Ministry of Health and parliament.

Self Help Group Approach

Self Help Group Approach start with the poorest households in the community. Members in an SHG are from the same socio-economic background to ensure homogeneity and affinity for proper and
continual functioning of the group. The features of self Help Groups have been developed to ensure effective growth and development of the group.
The functioning of SHG is unique in nature and the principles’ governing the functioning of SHGs has to be adhered to.

Assessment & Mapping of FGM/C

On behalf of the entire NAFIS fraternity, I wish to extend special thanks to United Nations Development Program (UNDP) for the technical and financial support that enabled the implementation of the study entitled “Assessment and Mapping of Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting (FGM/C) Circumcisers  in Somaliland”. Without such generous support we would not have been able to produce this  publication.


NAFIS recognizes its duty of care for children and its obligation to
initiate and implement child-friendly programs in its interventions. It
upholds these commitments through making all staff and member
organizations aware of its child protection policy and their respective
responsibilities stipulated in the policy and requiring all staff and
partners of NAFIS to adhere to the policy.

Assessment of the prevalence, perception and attitude of FGM in Somaliland

The Survey on the prevalence, perception and attitude of FGM/C in Somaliland was implemented  by Network against FGM/C in Somaliland (NAFIS Network), with the financial support from United Nation Development Program (UNDP) and Kindernothife Germany (KNH). Many people  have contributed to the different stages of the research project. Eva Maria Bruchhaus developed the research tools and contributed to many aspects of the research process. Abdulaziz Darod was the
data analyst. The following managerial and administrative staff of NAFIS provided support to the realization of the project throughout the research process: Mr.Abdirahman O. Gaas, Amina M.
Rodol and Fadumo Mahdi.

NAFIS Newsletter 1st edition English

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the partial or total removal of a girl’s external genitals. Her body is physically damaged when the healthy tissue of her genitals are cut away. There are no health benefits to FGM/C. Complex cultural and social reasons are often given about why it is practiced. The UN estimated that worldwide 125 million women and
girls are currently living with the consequences of FGM/C.
a further 30 million are at risk of being cut in the next  decade across 29 known practicing countries in Africa and  the Middle East. However this figure under-estimates of girls affected, because other countries (e.g. Indonesia) are not include.

NAFIS Newsletter 1st edition Somali

Gudniinka Habaluhu waa qayb ahaan ama gebi ahaanba in la jaro qaybaha sare ee xubinta taranka ee inanta yar ama gabadha yar. Xubinta taranka ee qofka dumarka ah waa la dhaawacay muuqaal ahaan, caafimaad ahaana
waxaa gaadhay dhaawac ballaadhan iyo weliba mid uu isagu sabab u yahay oo nolosheeda inta ka dhiman daba socda.Waxaa loo isticmaalaa gudniinka hablaha sababo kala duwan oo ay ugu muhiimsantahay inuu caado dhaqameed u yahaybulshooyin badan ama qayb ka yahay arrimaha
bulshada ee ummadahaas, qaar kale oo ay Somalidu ka mid tahayna waxayba u isticmaalaan inuu yahay amar diineed IWM.

NAFIS Newsletter 2nd edition English

2nd Edition of NAFIS Newsletter aim of publishing is to sensitize the literate public and share with them any updates on the situation of FGM in Somaliland. This, it is hoped, will pave the way for an eventual intolerant attitude towards a practice which continues to maim and harm girls and women. Despite the lifelong physical and psychological negative consequences of FMG, few people in Somaliland has yet to see FGM as outdated archaic tradition that need to be abolished. To- date, in Somaliland, a negligible number of parents has taken the brave step of leaving their daughters uncut.

Introduction – what is Female Genital Mutilation?

The Islamic Shari’a Council, the Muslim College and the Muslim Council of Britian (MCB) have condemned the practice of FGM within the Muslim community.FGM is not an Islamic requirement. There is no reference to
it in the Holy Qu’ran that states girls must becircumcised. Nor is there any authentic reference to this in the Sunnah, the sayings or traditions of our Prophet (PBUH).

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