Female genital cutting (FGC) is the partial or total removal of a girl’s external genitals. Her body is physically damaged when the healthy tissue of her genitals are cut away. There are no health benefits to FGC. Complex cultural and social reasons are often given about why it is practised.
he entire female external genital organ is called the vulva and is composed of the labia majora (the outer lips), labia minora (the inner lips) and the clitoris which has a hood (the prepuce).
The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies FGC into four categories dependent on severity (initially there were three categories, the fourth was added later)